Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a concentration of platelets from the blood plasma with regenerative growth factors used to stimulate skin healing, collagen production, and other essential proteins that support the skin/hair. PRP has been used for years in soft tissue rejuvenation by surgeons and wound care physicians.
In our skin, fibroblasts are the cells responsible for making vital proteins such as collagen and elastin. These proteins keep the skin youthful and hydrated. Fibroblasts also play a key role in the aging process beyond making collagen and elastin, but also its interactions with other skin cells protecting the matrix underneath.
Since PRP is laden with growth factors from a patient’s platelets with these fibroblasts, clinicians are taking advantage of its regenerative properties to treat many skin conditions, particularly aging of the skin. It also is injected into the scalp to stimulate natural hair growth. PRP is an excellent option for men and women who are not eligible candidates for a hair transplant, as well as wanting to maintain hair growth nonsurgically.
Clinical Implications for PRP Injections
Tear Trough Correction
Crepey Skin Texture
How is the procedure done?
PRP is concentrated with growth factors from a patient’s platelets in their blood. In office, the blood is drawn from the patient and spun down to a concentrate where the platelets are isolated. Next, it is resuspended into a platelet-rich solution before injection. PRP can be injected into the facial tissues, applied to the skin surface post-micro-needling, or injected into the scalp for hair growth. PRP can also be combined with dermal fillers for an immediate result, as well as improvement in the following weeks.
The entire procedure takes approximately 30 minutes.
The process can repeat every four weeks as needed, and aside from bruising, has little to no adverse side effects. The benefit for many patients is the option to use their own natural body’s pathways to improve their skin.
You should not have PRP treatment done if you have any of the following conditions:
A compromised immune system from immunosuppressive diseases or medications.
Skin conditions and diseases. This includes Facial cancers such as Melanoma.
Pre-Treatment Instructions: 7 days Before Treatment (SKIN/ HAIR):
Discontinue blood thinning agents 7 days prior to treatment and notify HCP prior to stopping.
Avoid Anti-inflammatories prior to treatment (i.e Advil). We want inflammation to occur – as this is one mechanism by which PRP works.
Tylenol can be used for pain management pre/post procedure.
Avoid excessive sun or heat exposure.
Day of Procedure (HAIR):
Shower the morning of your treatment.
Do not apply any styling products to the hair prior to treatment.
Eat a full breakfast prior to treatment. Drink minimum 500ml of water prior to treatment.
Shower the night of the procedure to use the heat to stimulate PRP in scalp.
Post Procedure Care (SKIN/HAIR):
After the procedure, there is temporary swelling, bruising, redness and tenderness at the site of injection. The skin needs to heal during this time.
Gentle skincare should be used for at least one-week post-injection to ensure adequate regeneration of the tissues. If PRP is injected into the scalp, it is recommended for the first 3 days to use a pH balanced shampoo.
Do not use hair products for at least 6 hours post treatment.
Avoid saunas, steam rooms, swimming, vigorous exercise or sun exposure for at least 2 days after your treatment.